Birds – Emperor Penguin

Emperors are the largest of all penguins—an average bird stands some 45 inches tall.Penguins employ physiological adaptations and cooperative behaviors in order to deal with an incredibly harsh environment, where wind chills can reach -76°F (-60°C).They huddle together to escape wind and conserve warmth. Individuals take turns moving to the group’s protected and relatively toasty interior.Emperor penguins spend the long winter on the open ice—and even breed during this harsh season.Depending on the extent of the ice pack, females may need to travel some 50 miles just to reach the open ocean, where they will feed on fish, squid, and krill.Male emperors keep the newly laid eggs warm, but they do not sit on them, as many other birds do. Males stand and protect their eggs from the elements by balancing them on their feet and covering them with feathered skin known as a brood pouch. They weigh around 88 pounds.

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